Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • History [ ] Predecessors [ ] The first historically relevant year for the development of project management software is 1896, marked by the introduction of the Harmonogram. Polish economist attempted to display task development in a floating chart, and laid the foundation for project management software as it is today. 1912 was the year when replaced the Hrongram with the more advanced Gantt chart, a scheduling diagram which broke ship design tasks down for the purposes of Hoover Dam in early 1931. Today’s Gantt charts are almost the same as their original counterparts, and are a critical part of all project management systems. Emergence of the ‘project management’ term and modernized techniques [ ] The term project management was not used prior to 1954, when General introduced it for military purposes. In the years to follow, project management gained relevance in the business world, a trend which had a lot to do with the formation of the AACE (1956), and Rang and DuPont’s Critical Path Method calculating project duration ever since 1957. The trend is also related to the appearance of the (PERT) in 1958.
MS Windows Task Manager There are several ways to invoke the Task Manager: Press Ctrl-Shift-Esc keys at the same time. Press Ctrl-Alt-Del, then select T ask Manager. Import and Task Manager. Brian, Understand the DocuWare Desktop Service IS a service. Therefore it does not require a user to be logged in to run. If Import Jobs are set to run constantly, they will run anytime the Desktop Service is running. So if the server is rebooted the Desktop Service will. Facilitated management of deliverables and project-interdependencies. Some projects may supply a deliverable that will be used by other projects. Deliverables management provides visibility over program, product, and technology cross-dependencies within the portfolio. Planisware manages deliverables by enabling.
PERT went further with monitoring projects, and enabled users to monitor tasks, being at the same time able to evaluate their quality, and to estimate the time needed to accomplish each of them. As with and CPM, PERT was invented for military purposes, this time for the US Navy Polaris missile submarine program. In 1965, there was a new improvement in project management technology. The presented the (WBS) to dissolve projects to even smaller visual units, organizing them in hierarchical tree structure.
WBS was an inspiration for ’s Waterfall Method (1970) where management phases are organized in a way which doesn’t allow a new task to begin before the previous ones are completed. The first project management products and associations [ ] In the period between 1965 and 1969 were formed two of the leading project management associations: the International Project Management Association (IPMA) in Europe, and the (PMI) which trains project management professionals and issues certificates.
With business shifting towards technology-based and paperless methods, the first project management systems started to emerge. Dreambox 800se Dreamup. And launched their project managers in 1977, while Scitor Corporation did the same in 1979. Many improvements followed in the upcoming decades: in 1986, ’s Software Engineering Institute introduced capability maturity software, a five-level project management method for rapidly maturing processes, while in 1988 users met earned value management which added processes’ scope and cost to the schedule. The trend continued with (1996) which increased the number of processes to seven, because of which developers considered designing products for managing complex projects. In 2001, they adopted the concept, and focused on adaptive planning and flexible response to changes.
In 2006, users were already able to trigger, a framework that helps controlling and reducing costs in project management. SaaS and cloud-based project management software [ ] The (software-as-a-service) trend began in 2008, qualified by users as the most flexible type of project management software for their teams. In 2009, classified project management as one of the most demanded skills for obtaining a well-paid job.
From 2010 on, the most popular project management solutions were cloud-based, designed for the needs of virtual teams looking to access information from any location or device. As a result, 2012 brought the first mobile project management apps users can apply on the go. Trends [ ] With the advent of the, project management software was developed to incorporate testing technologies, development tools, and improved cyber security methods.
Tasks and activities [ ] Scheduling [ ] One of the most common project management software tool types is tools. Scheduling tools are used to sequence project activities and assign dates and resources to them. The detail and sophistication of a schedule produced by a scheduling tool can vary considerably with the used, the provided and the scheduling methods supported. Scheduling tools may include support for: • Multiple dependency relationship types between activities • Resource assignment and • • Activity duration estimation and • Activity cost accounting Providing information [ ] software can be expected to provide information to various people or stakeholders, and can be used to measure and justify the level of effort required to complete the project(s). Typical requirements might include: • Overview information on how long tasks will take to complete. • Early warning of any risks to the project. • Information on workload, for planning holidays.
• Historical information on how projects have progressed, and in particular, how actual and planned performance are related. • Optimum utilization of available resource. • Cost maintenance.
• Collaboration with each teammates and customers. • Instant communication to collaborators and customers. Types [ ] Desktop [ ] software has been implemented as a program that runs on the of each user. Project management tools that are implemented as desktop software are typically single-user applications used by the project manager or another subject matter expert, such as a scheduler or risk manager. Web-based [ ] Project management software has been implemented as to be accessed using a. This may also include the ability to use a or to gain access to the application.
Software as a service (SaaS) is also web-based and has become a common delivery model for many business applications, including project management, and. SaaS is typically accessed by users using a thin client via a web browser.
Personal [ ] A personal project management application is one used at home, typically to manage lifestyle or home projects. There is considerable overlap with single user systems, although personal project management software typically involves simpler interfaces. See also non-specialised tools below. Single user [ ] A single-user system is programmed with the assumption that only one person will ever need to edit the project plan at once. This may be used in small companies, or ones where only a few people are involved in project planning. Desktop applications generally fall into this category.
Collaborative [ ] A collaborative system is designed to support multiple users modifying different sections of the plan at once; for example, updating the areas they personally are responsible for such that those estimates get integrated into the overall plan. Tools, including, generally fall into this category, but have the limitation that they can only be used when the user has live Internet access. To address this limitation, some software tools using provide a that runs on users' and replicates project and task information to other project team members through a central server when users connect periodically to the network.
Some tools allow team members to check out their schedules (and others' as read only) to work on them while not on the network. When reconnecting to the database, all changes are synchronized with the other schedules.
Visual [ ] A common problem in project management is a difficulty with both viewing and understanding large amounts of fluctuating project data. To tackle this, some project management software utilize, so that users can more easily find, analyze and make changes to their data. To avoid, the visualization mantra of “overview first, zoom and filter, then details on demand” is often followed.
See also [ ] • • • • • • • • • • • • • References [ ]. •, projectmanagementhistory.com, •, project-management-software.financesonline.com, •, aacei.org, •, referenceforbusiness.com, •, smartsheet.com, •, dau.mil, • Sandro Azzopardi,, projectsmart.co.uk, • Sandro Azzopardi,, oracle.com, •, computinghistory.org.uk, •, sei.cmu.edu, •, prince2.com, •, aacei.org, •, usnews.com, • Don Reisinger,, eweek.com, •, smallbiztrends.com, • Margi Murphy,, techworld.com, August 13, 2015 • Margi Murphy,, esi-intl.co.uk, • Nevogt, Dave (17 September 2013).. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
Marketing Technology. Retrieved 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2016-01-08. • Wurman, From the book 'Information Anxiety' by Richard Saul Wurman Copyright 1989 by Richard Saul (1989-01-22).. Los Angeles Times.. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
• Shneiderman, Ben (1996). 'The Eyes Have It: A Task by Data Type Taxonomy for Information Visualizations'. University of Maryland, Human Computer Interaction Laboratory.
Further reading [ ] • Project Time Management. In A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK guide) (4th ed., p. 145). Newtown Square, Pa: Project Management Institute.