Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Development [ ] During the early 1960s, it became apparent to Soviet designer that the trend towards ever-increasing battlefield mobility would result in the creation of flying, which could be used to perform both fire support and infantry transport missions. The first expression of this concept was a mock-up unveiled in 1966 in the experimental shop of the Ministry of Aircraft's factory number 329, where Mil was head designer. The mock-up designated V-24 was based on another project, the, which itself never flew. The V-24 had a central infantry compartment that could hold eight troops sitting back to back, and a set of small wings positioned to the top rear of the passenger cabin, capable of holding up to six missiles or rockets and a twin-barreled fixed to the landing skid. Mil Mi-24A Mil proposed the design to the heads of the Soviet armed forces. While he had the support of a number of strategists, he was opposed by several more senior members of the armed forces, who believed that conventional weapons were a better use of resources. Despite the opposition, Mil managed to persuade the defence minister's first deputy, Marshal, to convene an expert panel to look into the matter.
The Mi-24 Hind is a Soviet-designed attack helicopter featured in Call of Duty 4: Modern. Finally, in the level 'Game Over,' a Hind pursues the player and other members of the strike force as they flee the missile base. However, the Mi-28 has virtually supplanted the Mi-24 as the Russians primary attack helicopter.
While the panel's opinions were mixed, supporters of the project eventually held sway and a request for design proposals for a battlefield support helicopter was issued. The development and use of and by the during the convinced the Soviets of the advantages of armed helicopter ground support, and fostered support for the development of the Mi-24. Mil engineers prepared two basic designs: a 7-ton single-engine design and a 10.5-ton twin-engine design, both based on the 1,700 hp Izotov TV3-177A. Later, three complete mock-ups were produced, along with five cockpit mock-ups to allow the pilot and weapon station operator positions to be fine-tuned.
The Kamov design bureau suggested an army version of their ASW helicopter as a low-cost option. This was considered but later dropped in favor of the new Mil twin-engine design. A number of changes were made at the insistence of the military, including the replacement of the 23 mm cannon with a rapid-fire heavy machine gun mounted in a chin turret, and the use of the (AT-6 Spiral) anti-tank missile.
A directive was issued on 6 May 1968 to proceed with the development of the twin-engine design. Work proceeded under Mil until his death in 1970. Detailed design work began in August 1968 under the codename Yellow 24. A full-scale mock-up of the design was reviewed and approved in February 1969. Flight tests with a prototype began on 15 September 1969 with a tethered hover, and four days later the first free flight was conducted. A second prototype was built, followed by a test batch of ten helicopters.
Russian Air Force Mil Mi-24P Acceptance testing for the design began in June 1970, continuing for 18 months. Changes made in the design addressed structural strength, fatigue problems and reduced vibration levels. Also, a 12-degree was introduced to the wings to address the aircraft's tendency to at speeds in excess of 200 km/h (124 mph), and the missile pylons were moved from the fuselage to the wingtips. The tail rotor was moved from the right to the left side of the tail, and the rotation direction reversed. The tail rotor now rotated up on the side towards the front of the aircraft, into the downwash of the rotor, which increased the efficiency of the tail rotor.
A number of other design changes were made until the production version Mi-24A ( izdeliye 245) entered production in 1970, obtaining its in 1971 and was officially accepted into the state arsenal in 1972. In 1972, following completion of the Mi-24, development began on a unique attack helicopter with transport capability. The new design had a reduced transport capability (three troops instead of eight) and was called the, and that of the attack helicopter, which is smaller and more maneuverable and does not have the large cabin for carrying troops. In October 2007, the announced it would replace its Mi-24 fleet with and by 2015.
Design [ ] Overview [ ]. Mi-24D cockpit Considerable attention was given to making the Mi-24 fast. The airframe was streamlined, and fitted with retractable landing gear to reduce drag. At high speed, the wings provide considerable lift (up to a quarter of total lift).
The main rotor was tilted 2.5° to the right from the fuselage to compensate for tendency at a hover. The landing gear was also tilted to the left so that the rotor would still be level when the aircraft was on the ground, making the rest of the airframe tilt to the left. The tail was also asymmetrical to give a side force at speed, thus unloading the tail rotor. A modified Mi-24B, named A-10, was used in several speed and time-to-climb world record attempts. The helicopter had been modified to reduce weight as much as possible—one measure was the removal of the stub wings. The official speed record set on 13 August 1975 over a closed 1000 km course of 332.65 km/h (206.7 mph) still stands, as do many of the female-specific records set by the all-female crew of Galina Rastorguyeva and Lyudmila Polyanskaya. On 21 September 1978, the A-10 set the absolute speed record for helicopters with 368.4 km/h (228.9 mph) over a 15/25 km course.
The record stood until 1986, when it was broken by the current official record holder, a modified. Mi-24 SuperHind, a modernized Hind by the South African firm ATE. At the Ysterplaat Airshow 2006. As a combination of armoured gunship and troop transport, the Mi-24 has no direct NATO counterpart. While the ('Huey') helicopters were used in the either to ferry troops, or as gunships, they were not able to do both at the same time. Converting a UH-1 into a gunship meant stripping the entire passenger area to accommodate extra fuel and ammunition, and removing its troop transport capability. The Mi-24 was designed to do both, and this was greatly exploited by airborne units of the Soviet Army during the 1980–89.
The closest Western equivalent was the, which used many of the same design principles and was also built as a high-speed, high-agility attack helicopter with limited troop transport capability using many components from the existing. The S-67, however, was never adopted for service.
Other Western equivalents are the Romanian Army's, which is a licence-built armed version of the, and the MH-60 Direct Action Penetrator, a special purpose armed variant of the. The Hind has been called the world's only 'assault helicopter' due to its combination of firepower and troop-carrying capability.
[ ] Operational history [ ] Ogaden War (1977–1978) [ ] The first combat use of the Mi-24 was with the Ethiopian forces during the against. The helicopters formed part of a massive airlift of military equipment from the Soviet Union, after the Soviets switched sides towards the end of 1977.
The helicopters were instrumental in the combined air and ground assault that allowed the Ethiopians to retake the, by the beginning of 1978. Chadian-Libyan conflict (1978–1987) [ ]. See also: and The Libyan air force used Mi-24A and Mi-25 units during their numerous interventions in. The Mi-24s were first used in October 1980 in the battle of, where they helped the seize the capital. In March 1987, the, which were backed by the USA and France, managed to seize a Libyan air force base at in Northern Chad. Among the aircraft captured during this raid were three Mi-25s. These were turned over to France, which in turn sent one to the United Kingdom and one to the USA.
Soviet war in Afghanistan (1979–89) [ ] The aircraft was operated extensively during the, mainly for bombing fighters. When the U.S. Supplied heat-seeking missiles to the Mujahideen, the Soviet and Mi-24 helicopters proved to be favorite targets of the rebels.
It is difficult to find the total number of Mi-24s used in Afghanistan. At the end of 1990, the whole Soviet Army had 1,420 Mi-24s.
During the Afghan war, sources estimated the helicopter strength to be as much as 600 machines, with up to 250 being Mi-24s. Whereas a (formerly secret) 1987 CIA report says that the number of Mi-24s in theatre increased from 85 in 1980 to 120 in 1985. First deployment and combat [ ] In April 1979, Mi-24s were supplied to the Afghan government to deal with Mujahideen guerrillas. The Afghan pilots were well-trained and made effective use of their machines, but the Mujahideen were not easy targets. The first Mi-24 to be lost in action was shot down by guerrillas on 18 July 1979. The situation in Afghanistan grew worse, and on 27 December 1979, Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan. Despite facing strong resistance from Afghan rebels, the Mi-24 proved to be very destructive.
The rebels called the Mi-24 ' Shaitan-Arba' (Satan's Chariot)'. In one case, an Mi-24 pilot who was out of ammunition managed to rescue a company of infantry by maneuvering aggressively towards Mujahideen guerrillas and scaring them off.
The Mi-24 was popular with ground troops, since it could stay on the battlefield and provide fire as needed, while 'fast mover' could only stay for a short time before heading back to base to refuel. The Mi-24's favoured munition was the 80-millimetre (3.1 in), the 57 mm (2.2 in) having proven too light to be effective. The 23 mm (0.91 in) was also popular. Extra rounds of rocket ammunition were often carried internally so that the crew could land and self-reload in the field. The Mi-24 could carry ten 100-kilogram (220 lb) for attacks on camps or strongpoints, while harder targets could be dealt with a load of four 250-kilogram (550 lb) or two 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) iron bombs.
Some Mi-24 crews became experts at dropping bombs precisely on targets. Bombs were also used in a few instances, though crews initially underestimated the sheer blast force of such weapons and were caught by the shock waves. Combat experience quickly demonstrated the disadvantages of having an Mi-24 carrying troops. Gunship crews found the soldiers a concern and a distraction while being shot at, and preferred to fly lightly loaded anyway, especially given their operations from high ground altitudes in Afghanistan. Mi-24 troop compartment armour was often removed to reduce weight.
Troops would be carried in Mi-8 helicopters while the Mi-24s provided fire support. It proved useful to carry a technician in the Mi-24's crew compartment to handle a light machine gun in a window port. This gave the Mi-24 some ability to 'watch its back' while leaving a target area. In some cases, a light machine gun was fitted on both sides to allow the technician to move from one side to the other without having to take the machine gun with him. This weapon configuration still left the gunship blind to the direct rear, and Mil experimented with fitting a machine gun in the back of the fuselage, accessible to the gunner through a narrow crawl-way.
The experiment was highly unsuccessful, as the space was cramped, full of engine exhaust fumes, and otherwise unbearable. During a demonstration, an overweight Soviet Air Force general got stuck in the crawl-way. Operational Mi-24s were retrofitted with rear-view mirrors to help the pilot spot threats and take evasive action. Besides protecting helicopter troop assaults and supporting ground actions, the Mi-24 also protected convoys, using rockets with warheads to drive off ambushes; performed strikes on predesignated targets; and engaged in 'hunter-killer' sweeps. Hunter-killer Mi-24s operated at a minimum in pairs, but were more often in groups of four or eight, to provide mutual fire support. The Mujahideen learned to move mostly at night to avoid the gunships, and in response the Soviets trained their Mi-24 crews in night-fighting, dropping parachute flares to illuminate potential targets for attack.
Altium Designer 10 0 22 Keygen Generator. The Mujahideen quickly caught on and scattered as quickly as possible when Soviet target designation flares were lit nearby. Attrition in Afghanistan [ ] The war in Afghanistan brought with it losses by attrition. The environment itself, dusty and often hot, was rough on the machines; dusty conditions led to the development of the PZU air intake filters. The rebels' primary air-defense weapons early in the war were heavy machine guns and anti-aircraft cannons, though anything smaller than a 23 millimetre shell generally did not do much damage to an Mi-24.
The cockpit glass panels were resistant to 12.7 mm (.50 in caliber) rounds. The rebels also used Soviet-made shoulder-launched, heat-seeking (SAMs) and American shoulder-launched SAMs, which had either been captured from the Soviets or their Afghan allies or were supplied from Western sources. Many of them came from stocks that the Israelis had captured during their wars with Soviet backed states in the Middle East. Owing to a combination of the limited capabilities of these early types of missiles, poor training and poor material condition of the missiles, they were not particularly effective. The, originally developed as an antitank weapon, was the first effective countermeasure to the Hind. However, the RPG-7, not being designed for air defense, had several shortcomings owing to its design.
Often, attempting to use one to shoot down a helicopter could lead to the user injuring himself with the rocket's backblast. From 1986, the began supplying the Afghan rebels with newer shoulder-launched, heat-seeking SAMs. These were a marked improvement over earlier weapons, and while their actual military impact was not irrelevant, their real value was their demoralization and deterrent value against air power, and their propaganda worth to anti-Soviet groups.
The Stinger missile locked on to infra-red emissions from the aircraft, particularly engine exhaust, and was resistant to interference from decoy flares. Countermeasure flares and missile warning systems were later installed in all Soviet, Mi-8, and Mi-24 helicopters, giving pilots a chance to evade the missile. Heat dissipaters were also fitted to exhausts to decrease the Mi-24's heat signature. Tactical and doctrinal changes were introduced to make it harder for the enemy to deploy these weapons effectively. These reduced the Stinger threat, but did not eliminate it.
Initially, the attack doctrine of the Mi-24 was to approach its target from high altitude and dive downwards. After the introduction of the Stinger, doctrine changed to 'nap of the earth' flying, where they approached very low to the ground and engaged more laterally, popping up to only about 200 ft (61 m) in order to aim rockets or cannons. Mi-24s were also used to shield jet transports flying in and out of from Stingers. The gunships carried flares to blind the heat-seeking missiles. The crews called themselves 'Mandatory ', after a Soviet hero of the Second World War who threw himself across a German machine gun to let his comrades break through.
According to Russian sources, 74 helicopters were lost, including 27 shot down by Stinger and two by Redeye. In many cases, however, the helicopters, thanks to their armour and the durability of construction, withstood significant damage and were able to return to base. Mi-24 crews and end of Soviet involvement [ ] Mi-24 crews carried assault rifles and other hand-held weapons to give them a better chance of survival if forced down. Early in the war, Marat Tischenko, head of the Mil design bureau visited Afghanistan to see what the troops thought of his helicopters, and gunship crews put on several displays for him. They even demonstrated maneuvers, such as, which design engineers considered impossible. An astounded Tischenko commented, 'I thought I knew what my helicopters could do, now I'm not so sure!' The last Soviet Mi-24 shot down was during the night of 2 February 1989, with both crewmen killed.
It was also the last Soviet helicopter lost during nearly 10 years of warfare. Mi-24s in Afghanistan after Soviet withdrawal [ ]. Mi-35s in 2007 Mi-24s passed on to Soviet-backed Afghan forces during the war remained in dwindling service in the grinding civil war that continued after the Soviet withdrawal.
Mi-24s in the hands of the ascendant gradually became inoperable, but a few flown by the, which had Russian assistance and access to spares, remained operational up to the U.S. Invasion of Afghanistan in the fall of 2001. In 2008, the Afghan Air Force took delivery of six refurbished Mi-35 helicopters, purchased from the Czech Republic. The Afghan pilots were trained by India and began live firing exercises in May 2009 in order to escort Mi-17 transport helicopters on operations in restive parts of the country. Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988) [ ] The Mi-25 saw considerable use by the during the against Iran. Its heavy armament caused severe damage to Iranian ground forces during the war. However, the Mi-25 lacked an effective anti-tank capability, as it was only armed with obsolete missiles.
This led the Iraqis to develop new gunship tactics, with help from advisors. The Mi-25s would form 'hunter-killer' teams with French-built, with the Mi-25s leading the attack and using their massive firepower to suppress Iranian air defenses, and the Gazelles using their to engage. These tactics proved effective in halting Iranian offensives, such as in July 1982.
An Iraqi Mil Mi-25, brought down during the, on display at a military museum in. This war also saw the only confirmed air-to-air helicopter battles in history with the Iraqi Mi-25s flying against Iranian (supplied by the United States before the ) on several separate occasions. In November 1980, not long after Iraq's initial invasion of Iran, two Iranian SeaCobras engaged two Mi-25s with wire-guided antitank missiles. One Mi-25 went down immediately, the other was badly damaged and crashed before reaching base. The Iranians repeated this accomplishment on 24 April 1981, destroying two Mi-25s without incurring losses to themselves.
One Mi-25 was also downed by an IRIAF A. The Iraqis hit back, claiming the destruction of a SeaCobra on 14 September 1983 (with YaKB machine gun), then three SeaCobras on 5 February 1984 and three more on 25 February 1984 (two with Falanga missiles, one with S-5 rockets). After a lull in helicopter losses, each side lost a gunship on 13 February 1986. Later, a Mi-25 claimed a SeaCobra shot down with YaKB gun on 16 February, and a SeaCobra claimed a Mi-25 shot down with rockets on 18 February. The last engagement between the two types was on 22 May 1986, when Mi-25s shot down a SeaCobra. The final claim tally was 10 SeaCobras and 6 Mi-25s destroyed. The relatively small numbers and the inevitable disputes over actual kill numbers makes it unclear if one gunship had a real technical superiority over the other.
Iraqi Mi-25s also claimed 43 kills against other Iranian helicopters, such as. In general, the Iraqi pilots liked the Mi-25, in particular for its high speed, long range, high versatility and large weapon load, but disliked the relatively ineffectual weapons and lack of agility. The Mi-25 was also used by Iraq in chemical warfare against Iranians and Kurdish civilians in. Nicaraguan civil war (1980–1988) [ ] Mi-25s were also used by the Nicaraguan Army during the civil war of the 1980s.
Nicaragua received 12 Mi-25s (some sources claim 18) in the mid-1980s to deal with ' insurgents. The Mi-25s performed ground attacks on the Contras and were also fast enough to intercept light aircraft being used by the insurgents. Regarded introduction of the Mi-25s as a major escalation of tensions in Central America. Two Mi-25s were shot down by Stingers fired by the Contras.
A third Mi-25 was damaged while pursuing Contras near the Honduran border, when it was intercepted by Honduran and. A fourth was flown to Honduras by a defecting pilot in December 1988. Sri Lankan Civil War (1987–2009) [ ] The (1987–90) in Sri Lanka used Mi-24s when an detachment was deployed there in of the Indian and Sri Lankan armed forces in their fight against various such as the (LTTE). It is believed that Indian losses were considerably reduced by the heavy fire support from their Mi-24s.
The Indians lost no Mi-24s in the operation, as the Tigers had no weapons capable of downing the gunship at the time. Since 14 November 1995, the Mi-24 has been used by the in the war against the LTTE and has proved highly effective at providing close air support for ground forces. The Sri Lanka Air Force operates a mix of Mi-24/-35P and Mi-24V/-35 versions attached to its.
They have recently been upgraded with modern Israeli and systems. Five were upgraded to intercept aircraft by adding radar, fully functional helmet mounted target tracking systems, and AAMs. More than five Mi-24s to LTTE, and another two lost in attacks on air bases, with one heavily damaged but later returned to service. Gulf War (1991) [ ]. An Iraqi Mi-25 Hind-D, captured during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. The Mi-24 was also heavily employed by the Iraqi Army during their of Kuwait, although most were withdrawn by when it became apparent that they would be needed to help retain his grip on power in the aftermath of the war. In the ensuing, these helicopters were used against dissidents as well as fleeing civilian refugees.
Sierra Leone Civil War (1991–2002) [ ] Three Mi-24Vs owned by Sierra Leone and flown by South African military contractors, including, were used against rebels. In 1995, they helped the RUF from the capital,. Guinea also used its Mi-24s against the RUF on both sides of the border and was alleged to have provided air support to the insurgency in northern Liberia in 2001–03. Croatian War of Independence (1990s) [ ] Twelve Mi-24s were delivered to Croatia in 1993, and were used effectively in 1995 by the in the. The Mi-24 was used to strike deep into enemy territory and disrupt Krajina army communications. One Croatian Mi-24 crashed near the city of, Bosnia and Herzegovina due to strong winds. Both the pilot and the operator survived.
The Mi-24s used by Croatia were obtained from Ukraine. One Mi-24 was modified to carry. The helicopters were withdrawn from service in 2004. First and Second Wars in Chechnya (1990s–2000s) [ ] During the and, beginning in 1994 and 1999 respectively, Mi-24s were employed by the Russian armed forces. In the first year of the Second Chechen War, 11 Mi-24s were lost by Russian forces, about half of which were lost as a result of enemy action.
Peruvian operations (1989–1995) [ ] The Peruvian Air Force received 12 Mi-25Ds from the USSR in 1983–1985 after ordering them in the aftermath of with. These have been permanently based at the Vitor airbase near ever since, operated by the 4th Air Group (formerly the 2nd) of the 211th Air Squadron. Their first deployment occurred in June 1989 during the in the Peruvian highlands, mainly against. Despite the conflict continuing, it has decreased in scale and is now limited to the jungle areas of Valley of Rivers, and (VRAE). Peru employed Mi-25s against Ecuadorian forces during the short in early 1995. The only loss occurred on 7 February, when a Mi-25 was downed after being hit in quick succession by at least two – probably three – shoulder-fired missiles during a low-altitude mission over the Cenepa valley.
The three crewmen were killed. Sudanese Civil War (1995–2005) [ ] In 1995, the Sudanese Air Force acquired six Mi-24s for use in and the to the.
At least two aircraft were lost in non-combat situations within the first year of operation. A further twelve were bought in 2001, and used extensively in the oil fields of Southern Sudan. Mi-24s were also deployed to in 2004–5. First and Second Congo Wars (1996–2003) [ ] Three Mi-24s were used by Mobutu's army and were later acquired by the new. These were supplied to Zaire in 1997 as part of a French-Serbian contract. At least one was flown by Serbian mercenaries. One hit a power line and crashed on 27 March 1997, killing the three crew and four passengers.
Zimbabwean Mi-24s were also operated in coordination with the Congolese Army. The United Nations peacekeeping mission employed Mi-24/-35 helicopters to provide support during the.
The IAF has been operating in the region since 2003. Conflict in Republic of Macedonia (2001) [ ]. An Mi-35 over Kandahar, 2009 In 2008 and 2009, the Czech Republic donated six Mi-24s under the ANA Equipment Donation Programme. As a result, the Afghan National Army Air Corps (ANAAC) now has the ability to escort its own helicopters with heavily armed attack helicopters. Currently, nine Mi-35 attack helicopters are operated by the ANAAC. Major Caleb M.
Nimmo was the first American to fly the Mi-35 Hind in combat. On 13 September 2011, a Mi-35 attack chopper of the Afghan Air Force was used to hold back an attack on ISAF and police buildings. The Polish Helicopter Detachment contributed Mi-24s to the (ISAF). The Polish pilots trained in Germany before deploying to Afghanistan and currently train with U.S. Service personnel.
On 26 January 2011, one Mi-24 caught on fire during from its base in. One American and four Polish soldiers evacuated unharmed. India is also donating Mi-35s to Afghanistan, which is the first time India has transferred lethal military equipment to the war-torn nation.
Four helicopters are to be supplied, with three already transferred in January 2016. The three Mi-35s made a big difference in the offensive against militants, according to General John Campbell, commander of US forces in Afghanistan.
Iraq War (March 2003–2011) [ ] The Polish contingent has been using six Mi-24Ds since December 2004. One of them crashed on 18 July 2006 in an air base in.
Polish Mi-24Ds used in Iraq will not be returning to Poland due to their age, condition, low combat value of the Mi-24D variant, and high shipping costs; depending on their condition, they will be transferred to the or scrapped. New will be bought by the Polish Army as 'replacements of equipment depleted during combat operations' for the Mi-24Ds used and left in Iraq. [ ] War in Somalia (2006–2009) [ ] The operated about three Mil Mi-35 and ten Mil Mi-24D helicopter gunships in the. One was shot down near the on 30 March 2007 by Somali insurgents. War in Chad (2008) [ ] On returning to, one of the Chadian Mi-35s made a forced landing at the airport. It was claimed that it was shot down by rebels. Libyan civil war (2011) [ ] The Mi-24s were used by both sides to attack enemy positions during the.
A number were captured by the rebels, who formed the together with other captured air assets. During the battle for Benina airport, one Mi-35 (serial number 853), was destroyed on the ground on 23 February 2011. In the same action, serial number 854 was captured by the rebels together with an Mi-14 (serial number 1406). Two Mi-35s operating for the pro- Libyan Air Force were destroyed on the ground on 26 March 2011 by French aircraft enforcing the no-fly zone. One Free Libyan Air Force Mi-25D (serial number 854, captured at the beginning of the revolt) violated the no-fly-zone on 9 April 2011 to strike loyalist positions in Ajdabiya. It was shot down by Libyan ground forces during the action.
The pilot, Captain Hussein Al-Warfali, died in the crash. The Very Best Of Al Jarreau Rapidshare Download. The rebels claimed that a number of other Mi-25s were shot down. 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis [ ] Mi-24P helicopters as part of the peacekeeping force fired four missiles at a pro- military camp in Ivory Coast's main city of. Syrian Civil War (2011–present) [ ] The have used Mi-24s to attack rebels throughout Syria, including many of the nation's major cities.
Controversy has surrounded an alleged delivery of Mi-25s to the Syrian military, due to Turkey and other NATO members disallowing such arms shipments through their territory. Syrian insurgents captured at least one damaged or destroyed Mi-24, along with other helicopters, after the fall of in January 2013. On 9 July 2016, Russian Ministry of Defense reported that a Russian Mil Mi-35M helicopter was shot down by ISIS killing two pilots in east of Palmyra, Syria while supporting Syrian government forces. This was the first loss of a Russian attack helicopter recorded in Syrian Civil War.
Kachin conflict (2012–2013) [ ] The used the Mi-24 in the against the. Post-U.S Iraqi insurgency [ ] The new Iraqi Air Force is currently receiving 40 Mi-35 ordered from Russia as part of an arms deal that includes and attack helicopters, as well as. The delivery of the first four was announced by then- in November 2013. Their first deployment began in late December against camps of the al-Qaeda linked (ISIL) and several Islamist militants in the that have taken control of several areas of and. FLIR footage of the strikes has been released by the military. On 3 October 2014, militants reportedly used a in to shoot down an attack helicopter. Video footage released by ISIL militants shows at least another two Iraqi Mi-24/35s brought down by light anti-aircraft artillery.
Crimean crisis (2014) [ ] During the annexation of the, Russia deployed 13 MI-24s to support their infantry as they advanced through the region. However these aircraft saw no combat during their deployment. Donbass war (2014) [ ] During the, on 2 May 2014, two Ukrainian Mi-24s were shot down by pro-Russian insurgents. The Ukrainian armed forces claim that they were downed by while on patrol close to Slavyansk. The Ukrainian government confirmed that both aircraft were shot down, along with an Mi-8 damaged by small arms fire. Initial reports mentioned two dead and others wounded; later, five crew members were confirmed dead and one taken prisoner until being released on 5 May.
On 5 May 2014, another Ukrainian Mi-24 was forced to make an emergency landing after being hit by machine gun fire while on patrol close to Slavyansk. The Ukrainian forces recovered the two pilots and destroyed the helicopter with a rocket strike by an aircraft to prevent its capture by pro-Russian insurgents. Mi-24s supported Su-25 attack aircraft, with fighters providing top cover, during the battle for. Nagorno-Karabakh (2014–2016) [ ] On 12 November 2014, Azerbaijani forces an Armenian forces Mi-24 from a formation of two which were flying along the disputed border, close to the frontline between Azerbaijani and Armenian troops in the disputed territory. The helicopter was hit by a fired by Azerbaijani soldiers while flying at low altitude and crashed, killing all three on board. On 2 April 2016, after a clash between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces, a Mil Mi-24 helicopter was destroyed. Other users [ ] and Russia on 20 August 2015 finalized a deal for the purchase of four Mi-35M helicopters, a number that is expected to grow.
In Aug 2017 Pakistan received 4 x MI 35 from Russia. Variants [ ]. Hungarian Mi-24 • • • • • • Accidents [ ] • On 12 August 2012, two MI-24s flying from, across to crashed in rugged terrain in Kenya. They were found two days later, burned out, with no likely survivors from the 10 Ugandan servicemen on board the two helicopters. Another aircraft from the same flight crashed on and all seven Ugandan servicemen on board were rescued a day later.
The aircraft were supporting an force to fight -linked insurgents in the ongoing. A transport helicopter, part of the same mission, landed without problems in the eastern Kenyan town of near the Somali border for a scheduled refuelling stop. • On 27 December 2009, a Mi-24 of the crashed in the Buttala area due to a technical failure. It has been found later that a 'power generator failure' warning in the cockpit persuaded pilots to perform protective actions which eventually lead to reducing speed. The actual problem was a failure of the tail rotor drive shaft which was also connected to the power generator and caused the warning. Without tail rotor support, it went out of control and crashed in to the jungle.
The crew of two pilots and two gunners were killed. Aircraft on display [ ] Mi-24 helicopters can be seen in the following museums: Russia, Monino – Mi-24A, Mi-25 Belgium, Brussel – Mi-24 Bulgaria Muzei na aviatsiyata, Plovdiv – Mi-24 Czech Republic – Mi-24D tactical number 0220 China, Beijing – Mi-24 Germany.
Hind is Digital Integration's sequel to Apache, its highly successful Apache helicopter simulation. While Apache had us skirting with familiar territory, Hind takes us into a whole new area.
The star of the game is the Mi-24 Hind D helicopter, the latest in the long line of Russian assault helicopters. While the Americans breed attack helicopters with only one purpose and one function (to kill), the Russians have a whole different outlook for their assault helicopters. Russian helicopter doctrine dictates that all helicopters will have some cargo/troop carrying capabilities, which gives helicopters like the Hind a much more varied mission pool from which to select. This also gives a game based on such a helicopter a wider variety of missions to fly.
Where as a game based on a pure attack helicopter, such as Apache, has most missions either scouting or killing things, the missions in Hind can include those types of missions plus troop insertions and extractions, rescue operations, cargo drops, and so on. Hind comes in two flavors, MS-DOS and Windows.
The two versions are identical in features and looks, so there doesn't need to be any discussion between the two. Once the game is installed, you have a plethora of options to choose from.
Once your graphical, difficulty, flight model, and control options are selected, you have four ways to play the game. First you'll want to go to the pilot's log area and create your in game persona, from there it's off to the game. The game includes training missions, single missions, campaigns, and multiplayer options. While the training missions only take place in one arena, the other options give you a choice of three, Afghanistan, Korea, and Kazakstan. These arenas vary greatly in many arenas including landscape, enemies, terrain variation, weather, and so on, and give the game a lot more variety.
Once you've chosen your mode, you'll be taken to the planning screen, which is still the best in the business. Waypoints may be added, changed, or removed, weapon load-outs may be selected, briefings may be reviewed, targets may be viewed and chosen, and so forth. Since its inception in Tornado, this still is the best mission planning screen around. Now let's talk about the gameplay modes.
The first mode of play is the training mode. In this mode, a well-acted voice (complete with Russian accent) describes the training mission you'll be partaking in.
There are several training missions to choose from, and they cover every aspect of the Hind's unique mission capabilities. While the missions aren't as comprehensive as those found in Longbow, with its in-flight instructor, they do well enough without being too complicated. If you remember what your objectives are, you'll probably be okay. The next mode of play is the single mission. Each arena has about a dozen single missions to choose from, making for over thirty in all.
Unfortunately, new missions can't be added, but the existing missions can be changed around for added variety. These missions run the full gambit of the types of missions available to the Hind, from rescues to search and destroy missions, you'll find it all here. This is also a good place to get some great practice for the campaign section. Speaking of which, next we come to the campaign section. The three campaigns in Hind (one per arena) and dynamic, and are never the same twice.
This is a great boon over the scripted campaigns included in other sims of this type. The campaigns each have a story and a background, which are explained in the game's manual. These campaigns can last a long time, and really give the sim long legs in the replayability department. Missions can also be created yourself in the campaign using the mission planner, for that final touch of finesse. Finally, we come to the game's multiplayer suite, which is quite extensive. Firstly, we have the two player options, which can accommodate a modem, null-modem, or serial cable connection. This allows two players to either fly as wingmen or to fly in the same helicopter, with one player taking the role of pilot, the other of weapons officer.
You can also fly against each other using the appropriate version of Apache, though helicopter deathmatches usually aren't as much fun as cooperative missions in two Hind's. You can also use a LAN for up to sixteen players. The game allows to you to fly single missions and campaigns cooperatively, allowing for a lot of multiplayer gaming. Now that we've spoken about how you'll be enjoying the game, we've not yet spoken about the real star of this show, the Hind itself. Digital Integration seemed to go all out on the flight model in Hind, as it's one of the most difficult and challenging simulated helicopters I've ever had to fly. The game might be too realistic.for example, when using the realistic flight model, as soon as one gets airborne, one must apply some serious rudder, lest you'll have your helicopter spinning like a top.
The rudder must be continuously applied if one is to fly straight and level, with emphasis on straight. The flight model, in its most realistic mode, has to be one of the best around. The avionics for the Hind are also well modeled. If you're used to multiple digital displays in your chopper, you'll be in for a bit of a shock in Hind. The helicopter uses mostly analog gauges for the pilot's information, and one will have to get used to it if they've gotten used to our more modern American counterparts. The Hind also has a wider variety of weapons at its disposal than its American counterparts, from machine guns, to rockets, to incendiary bombs, to mines. This gives the hind a huge punch, and also allows it to cover different types of objectives all within one mission.
One could very well have you on the way to lay mines, and then take out some tanks on the way back. Personally, my favorite feature is the Hind's cargo carrying feature. This cargo bay allows you to extract and receive troops, conduct rescue operations, and even drop off cargo for the troops out in the field.
This significantly improves the variety of the missions you'll have to fly. This also helps show off one of the game's coolest features, its little men.
The game includes fully modeled infantrymen, for both your side and the enemy. This means that, if you land, go to an external view, then open your cargo bay doors during a troop or rescue mission, you'll see little men running to or from your helicopter. This really adds some spice to the missions, as you can actually see little infantrymen shooting at you also with small arms and shoulder-mounted rockets. This game is one of the best of its kind, but it's not without problems. The game originally had very spotty sound effects that were fixed in a patch, such as the omission of the undercarriage sound. The game also isn't as stable as it could be, with some crashes in both versions of the game, before and after patching. These problems are severely outweighed by it's successes, of which the game has many.
Overall, while the game is looking somewhat dated today, it's still a highly playable and enjoyable sim, and one of the best helicopter sims out there (it's currently tied for my favorite helicopter sim with Longbow II). It's got all the depth, detail, and variety you could want from a hard-core attack helicopter simulation, plus the distinction of being the only sim to model the Hind at all. If you have any interest in air combat, helicopter combat, or even Russian combat vehicles, do yourself a favor and pick this up. Usually you can find it in a compilation called Front Line Fighters by Digital Integration, which includes fully updated and 3dfx-capable versions of Apache, Hind, and F-16 Fighting Falcon, which is a bargain if you ask me. Graphics: Nicely detailed and pleasant looking graphics.
Sound: Good voice acting and moody music. Enjoyment: If you like helo sims, this is one of the most enjoyable ever. Replay Value: Almost three dozen single missions, three dynamic campaigns, mission planning and multiplayer options ensure a long life.